No SDES-2015-10
Title Fiscal Stimulus and Unemployment Dynamics
Author Chun-Hung Kuo and Hiroaki Miyamoto
Abstract Focusing on both hiring and firing margins, this paper revisits effects of fiscal expansion on unemployment. We develop a DSGE model with search frictions where job separation is endogenously determined. The predictions of the model are in contrast with earlier studies that assume exogenous separation. Our model can capture the empirical pattern of responses of the job finding, separation, and unemployment rates to a government spending shock, obtained from estimating a structural VAR model with the U.S. data. However, our model fails to capture the response of vacancies and the volatility of unemployment.
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